Previously we have shown that protein kinase C (PKC)-mediated reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton in smooth muscle cells is transmitted by the nonreceptor tyrosine kinase, Src. Several authors have described how 12-O- tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate(TPA) stimulation of cells results in an increase of Src activity, but the mechanism of the PKC-mediated Src activation is unknown. Using PKC isozymes purified from Spodoptera frugiperda insect cells, we show here that PKC is not able to activate Src directly. Our data reveal that the PKC-dependent Src activation occurs via the activation of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) PTPalpha. PTPalpha becomes activated in vivo after TPA stimulation. Further, we show that PKCdelta phosphorylates and activates only PTPalpha in vitro but not any other of the TPA-responsive PKC isozymes that are expressed in A7r5 rat aortic smooth muscle cells. To further substantiate our data, we show that cells lacking PKCdelta have a markedly reduced PTPalpha and Src activity after 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate stimulation. These data support a model in which the main mechanism of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13- acetate-induced Src activation is the direct phosphorylation and activation of PTPalpha by PKCdelta, which in turn dephosphorylates and activates Src.
Useful keywords (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Protein Kinase C/metabolism
Protein Kinase C/physiology*
Protein Kinase C-delta
Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases/metabolism*
Recombinant Fusion Proteins/metabolism