Men perceive a bloody ejaculate as an alarming physical symptom and often seek the help of urologists for explanation and treatment. After a complete urological step-by-step examination including imaging studies and flexible cystoscopy, malignancy or another significant disease can be ruled out in the majority of cases. However, many of these cases of haematospermia may still remain idiopathic and thus unsatisfactory for both the patient and his physician. The following paper reviews the aetiology, the diagnostic work-up escalation and the treatment options of haematospermia.
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