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Performance of the AsperGenius® PCR assay for detecting azole resistant Aspergillus fumigatus in BAL fluids from allogeneic HSCT recipients: A prospective cohort study from Essen, West Germany.
Pelzer, BW; Seufert, R; Koldehoff, M; Liebregts, T; Schmidt, D; Buer, J; Rath, PM; Steinmann, J;
Med Mycol. 2019;
Originalarbeiten (Zeitschrift)

PMU-Authors

Stauf Raphael
Steinmann Jörg

Abstract

In this study a commercially available multiplex real-time PCR (AsperGenius®) was evaluated for its efficacy in detecting Aspergillus fumigatus and azole resistance markers in comparison with conventional culture methods and galactomannan (GM) testing from BAL fluids in allogeneic HSCT recipients. Between January 2015 and May 2017 100 allogeneic HSCT recipients with pulmonary infiltrates and suspicion of invasive fungal infection were recruited to the study from a tertiary care center in Germany. BAL fluid was routinely assessed using the following diagnostic tests: AsperGenius® PCR assay, GM testing (cut-off: 1.0) and conventional culture. Susceptibility testing of azoles was performed by using Etest and, in case presenting elevated MICs, PCR for mutations in the cyp51A gene was carried out. Criteria of EORTC/MSG were used to classify the patients for invasive fungal disease. According to the EORTC/MSG criteria 23 patients presented with probable invasive aspergillosis (IA). Aspergillus PCR showed a sensitivity of 65% for probable IA cases. A combination of PCR and GM results in BAL displayed a sensitivity of 96% (22/23) and 100% specificity. Mutations in the cyp51A gene were detected by PCR in three cases (3/23; 13%) which were also found resistant with the culture method. In one case a Y121F/T289A mutation and in two cases a L98H were found. The combination of a commercial Aspergillus PCR assay and GM testing from BAL demonstrated a high sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing IA in allogeneic HSCT recipients. The Aspergillus PCR assay was not superior in detecting azole resistant A. fumigatus compared to culture.