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Forschungsdatenbank PMU-SQQUID

No alpha-adrenoreceptor-induced C-fiber activation in healthy human skin.
Zahn, S; Leis, S; Schick, C; Schmelz, M; Birklein, F;
J Appl Physiol (1985). 2004; 96(4):1380-1384
Originalarbeiten (Zeitschrift)

PMU-Autor/inn/en

Leis Stefan

Abstract

In healthy volunteers, flare responses induced by norepinephrine (NE) iontophoresis have been observed. However, as NE iontophoresis is a combined electrical and chemical stimulus axon, reflexes cannot be directly linked to pharmocological activity of NE. Different concentrations of NE, clonidine (CL), and phenylephrine (PE) (NE: 10(-10)-10(-3) M; CL and PE: 10(-8)-10(-3) M) were applied via intradermal microdialysis fibers into the skin of healthy volunteers. Simultaneously, skin blood flow was visualized by laser-Doppler imaging scans and quantified in a vasoconstriction skin area directly above the membranes to control drug effects and in expected axon reflex vasodilation areas that were 0.75 cm apart. NE, PE, and CL caused dose-dependent vasoconstriction. However, neither in the presumed axon reflex areas (quantitative analysis) nor on laser-Doppler imaging pictures (qualitative analysis) were any vasodilation observed. Even at concentrations causing maximum vasoconstriction (10(-3) M for any drug), no vasodilation was induced. Our results indicate that, in healthy human skin, exogenously supplied alpha-adrenoreceptor agonists alone do not activate nociceptors sufficiently to induce axon reflex flare.


Useful keywords (using NLM MeSH Indexing)

Adrenergic alpha-Agonists/administration*

dosage

Adrenergic alpha-Agonists/pharmacology*

Adult

Axons/physiology

Clonidine/administration*

dosage

Clonidine/pharmacology

Dose-Response Relationship, Drug

Female

Humans

Laser-Doppler Flowmetry

Male

Microdialysis

Middle Aged

Nerve Fibers, Unmyelinated/drug effects

Nerve Fibers, Unmyelinated/physiology*

Norepinephrine/administration*

dosage

Norepinephrine/pharmacology

Phenylephrine/administration*

dosage

Phenylephrine/pharmacology

Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha/physiology*

Reference Values

Reflex/drug effects

Skin/blood supply

Skin/innervation*

Vasoconstriction


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)

sympathetic nervous system
axon reflex
laser-Doppler imaging