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Forschungsdatenbank PMU-SQQUID

C242T polymorphism of the p22 phox gene is not associated with peripheral arterial occlusive disease.
Renner, W; Schallmoser, K; Gallippi, P; Krauss, C; Toplak, H; Wascher, TC; Pilger, E;
Atherosclerosis. 2000; 152(1): 175-179.
Originalarbeiten (Zeitschrift)

PMU-Autor/inn/en

Schallmoser Katharina

Abstract

Adolescents with a migration background account for a substantial proportion of juveniles in custody. Psychosocial adversities pose a significant risk for criminal behaviour. So far, the nature of psychosocial adversities experienced by migrant youth is understudied. The aim of this study was to explore differences in psychosocial background in three ethnic groups (Turkish, former-Yugoslavian and Austrian) of detained juveniles in Austria. A semi-structured interview (Multidimensional Clinical Screening Inventory for delinquent juveniles, MCSI) was used to assess psychosocial background (e.g., trauma, family background, forensic and psychiatric family history, school history, psychiatric treatment received and criminal history) in juveniles entering an Austrian pre-trial detention facility. Of the 370 eligible participants, the final study sample consisted of 278 juveniles. The ethnic distribution was as follows: 55.4% Austrian (mean age 16.88 years, S.D.=1.52), 14% Turkish (mean age 16.28 years, S.D.=1.23), 30.6% former-Yugoslavian (mean age 16.47 years, S.D.=1.41). In the Austrian sample, family dysfunction was significantly more prevalent than in the Turkish or former-Yugoslavian samples. Mental health services were significantly less used by juveniles with migration background. Turkish juveniles had a significantly poorer school performance than Austrians. Juveniles from former-Yugoslavia had significantly less often attended schools offering secondary education. The results suggest that detained juveniles with migration background are poorly integrated into the educational and mental health system of the host society. Family systems, even if substantially dysfunctional, seem to be perceived as more stable by migrant youth than by Austrian youth. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Useful keywords (using NLM MeSH Indexing)

Aged

Alleles

Analysis of Variance

Arterial Occlusive Diseases/epidemiology

Arterial Occlusive Diseases/genetics*

Confidence Intervals

Female

Gene Expression

Genetic Predisposition to Disease

Humans

Incidence

Male

Membrane Transport Proteins*

Middle Aged

NADPH Dehydrogenase/genetics*

NADPH Oxidase

Odds Ratio

Peripheral Vascular Diseases/epidemiology

Peripheral Vascular Diseases/genetics*

Phosphoproteins/genetics*

Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics*

Reference Values

Risk Factors

Statistics, Nonparametric


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)

genes
peripheral arterial occlusive disease
p22 phox
risk factors