We report an 81-year-old patient who underwent microsurgical resection of a posterior fossa mass lesion. Intraoperative findings were suggestive of the presence of two distinctly different tumor types within the lesion, one of which was well-circumscribed and avascular, whereas the other one showed an adhesive growth pattern and extensive vascularisation. Histopathological analysis, including deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-methylation-based classification, substantiated the intraoperative impression and confirmed the presence of a subependymoma central nervous system (CNS) World Health Organization (WHO) grade 1 as well as the presence of a hemangioblastoma CNS WHO grade 1. To our knowledge, our patient represents only the second reported case of such a rare constellation. Even though DNA-methylation-based classification is not yet required for the classification of all CNS tumor types by the 2021 WHO classification of tumors of the CNS, it proved to be crucial to verify the final diagnosis in our patient. In the future, DNA-methylation analysis will most likely become an important asset in neuro-oncological diagnostics and further help to guide treatment strategies in complex or rare clinical cases.