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Vacuolar-type H+-ATPase-mediated proton transport in the rat parietal cell.
Kopic, S; Wagner, ME; Griessenauer, C; Socrates, T; Ritter, M; Geibel, JP;
Pflugers Arch. 2012; 463(3):419-427
Originalarbeiten (Zeitschrift)

PMU-Autor/inn/en

Griessenauer Christoph
Ritter Markus

Abstract

The vacuolar-type H-ATPase (V-ATPase) plays an important role in the active acidification of intracellular organelles. In certain specialized cells, such as the renal intercalated cell, apical V-ATPase can also function as a proton secretion pathway. In the parietal cells of the stomach, it has been thought that acid secretion is controlled solely via the H,K-ATPase. However, recent observations suggest that functional V-ATPase is necessary for acid secretion to take place. This study aimed to investigate and characterize the role of V-ATPase in parietal cell proton transport. Individual rat gastric glands were incubated with the pH-sensitive dye (BCECF) to monitor changes in intracellular pH in real time. Parietal cell V-ATPase activity was measured by quantifying the rate of intracellular alkalinization (ΔpH/minute) following an acid load, while excluding the contribution of non-V-ATPase proton transport mechanisms through pharmacological inhibition or ion substitution. Expression of V-ATPase was confirmed by immunohistochemistry. We observed concanamycin A-sensitive V-ATPase activity in rat parietal cells following intracellular acidification and H,K-ATPase inhibition. Furthermore, V-ATPase-mediated proton transport could be abolished by inhibiting trafficking mechanisms with paclitaxel and by stimulating H,K-ATPase with acid secretagogues. Our results propose that parietal cells contain a functional V-ATPase that can be mobilized using a microtubule network. V-ATPase may function as an auxiliary acid secretion or proton-buffering pathway in parietal cells, which is inactive during H,K-ATPase activity. Our findings may have important implications for patients experiencing acid breakthrough under proton pump inhibitor therapy.


Useful keywords (using NLM MeSH Indexing)

Acetylcholine/pharmacology

Animals

Carbachol/pharmacology

Histamine/pharmacology

Ion Transport

Macrolides/pharmacology

Parietal Cells, Gastric/drug effects

Parietal Cells, Gastric/metabolism*

Pentagastrin/pharmacology

Proton-Motive Force

Rats

Rats, Sprague-Dawley

Vacuolar Proton-Translocating ATPases/antagonists*

inhibitors

Vacuolar Proton-Translocating ATPases/metabolism*


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)

Stomach
Ion transport
Acid secretion
V-ATPase
Vacuolar-type H+-ATPase
Acid breakthrough