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Forschungsdatenbank PMU-SQQUID

Durvalumab after Sequential High Dose Chemoradiotherapy versus Standard of Care (SoC) for Stage III NSCLC: A Bi-Centric Trospective Comparison Focusing on Pulmonary Toxicity.
Wass, R; Hochmair, M; Kaiser, B; Grambozov, B; Feurstein, P; Weiss, G; Moosbrugger, R; Sedlmayer, F; Lamprecht, B; Studnicka, M; Zehentmayr, F
CANCERS. 2022; 14(13):
Originalarbeiten (Zeitschrift)

PMU-Autor/inn/en

Grambozov Brane
Sedlmayer Felix
Studnicka Michael
Wass Romana
Weiss Gertraud
Zehentmayr Franz

Abstract

Simple Summary The standard of care (SoC) for patients with unresectable stage III non-small-cell lung cancer is concurrent chemoradiation followed by durvalumab. Because of co-morbidities, however, the concurrent approach is only amenable for about one-third of patients. While sequential regimens are usually regarded as palliative, these schedules applied in a dose-escalated mode may be part of a curative approach. As the combination of high-dose radiation and durvalumab remains a question of ongoing research, this retrospective study aims at evaluating pulmonary side effects after sequential chemoradiotherapy with high-dose irradiation compared to SoC. Radiation dose escalation showed no excess pulmonary toxicity such as pneumonitis but tendentially better intrathoracic control, suggesting that this alternative approach is safe and feasible. Introduction: The standard of care (SoC) for unresectable stage III non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is durvalumab maintenance therapy after concurrent chemoradiation in patients with PD-L1 > 1%. However, the concurrent approach is only amenable for about one-third of patients due to co-morbidities. Although sequential regimens are usually not regarded as curative, these schedules applied in a dose-escalated manner may be similarly radical as SoC. As combining high-dose radiation and durvalumab remains a question of debate this retrospective bi-center study aims to evaluate pulmonary toxicity after high-dose chemoradiotherapy beyond 70 Gy compared to SoC. Patients and Methods: Patients with NSCLC stage III received durvalumab after either sequential high-dose chemoradiation or concomitant SoC. Chemotherapy consisted of platinum combined with either pemetrexed, taxotere, vinorelbine, or gemcitabine. The primary endpoint was short-term pulmonary toxicity occurring within six months after the end of radiotherapy (RT). Results: A total of 78 patients were eligible for this analysis. 18F-FDG-PET-CT, cranial MRT, and histological/cytological verification were mandatory in the diagnostic work-up. The high-dose and SoC group included 42/78 (53.8%) and 36/78 (46.2%) patients, respectively, which were matched according to baseline clinical variables. While the interval between the end of RT and the start of durvalumab was equal in both groups (p = 0.841), more courses were administered in the high-dose cohort (p = 0.031). Pulmonary toxicity was similar in both groups (p = 0.599), whereas intrathoracic disease control was better in the high-dose group (local control p = 0.081, regional control p = 0.184). Conclusion: The data of this hypothesis-generating study suggest that sequential high-dose chemoradiation followed by durvalumab might be similar to SoC in terms of pulmonary toxicity and potentially more effective with respect to intra-thoracic disease control. Larger trials with a prospective design are warranted to validate these results.


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)

high dose radiation
durvalumab
toxicity
pneumonitis
chemoradiotherapy