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Epidemiological and Therapeutic Developments in Pelvic Ring Fractures Type C from 2004 to 2014 - a Retrospective Data Analysis of 2,042 Patients in the German Pelvic Register (DGU).
Lang, P; Schwabe, K; Riesner, HJ; Friemert, B; Stuby, F; Palm, HG;
Z Orthop Unfall. 2022; 160(2): 172-182.
Originalarbeiten (Zeitschrift)

PMU-Autor/inn/en


Abstract

Background Pelvic ring fractures type C present a special challenge due to their high instability, the possible accompanying injuries and the high mortality rate of up to 18.9%. The aim of this retrospective analysis was to use the data from the DGU pelvic register to identify changes in the epidemiology and therapy for type C pelvic ring fractures between 2004 and 2014. Materials and Methods 2,042 patients with type C pelvic ring injury were retrospectively included. Three time periods with roughly equal patient groups were specified and differences in epidemiology and the type of therapy were evaluated. For the surgical cases, the time of the operation, the duration of the operation, blood loss, the location of the fracture and the type of osteosynthesis were evaluated and the reduction result was recorded. Results For the period under review, there is an age shift in the incidence of a type C pelvic ring fracture towards older age. The isolated pelvic injury has increased, while the proportion of pelvic injuries in the context of polytrauma has steadily decreased. Complications and mortality decreased as a percentage. The tendency towards minimally invasive procedures could be shown in the surgical care. Navigated procedures in the area of the pelvic ring have so far not proven successful. Conclusions We were able to show that the majority of the patients are increasingly old, that there is no relevant trauma in the history and that there is an increase in the isolated pelvic fracture type C and a decrease in the number of polytraumatised or multiply injured patients. In conjunction with mortality from pelvic ring injuries, the successes of standardised, pelvic-specific emergency management, an adapted time of operation outside the vulnerable phase and stable osteosynthesis care, which enable early functional follow-up treatment, are also evident.


Useful keywords (using NLM MeSH Indexing)

Data Analysis

Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods

Fractures, Bone*/complications

Fractures, Bone*/epidemiology

Fractures, Bone*/surgery

Humans

Pelvic Bones*/injuries

Pelvic Bones*/surgery

Retrospective Studies


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)

pelvic ring fracture type C
pelvic register of the DGU
operative therapy
injury patterns
polytrauma