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Forschungsdatenbank PMU-SQQUID

The Ties That Bind: Aberrant Plasticity and Networks Dysfunction in Movement Disorders-Implications for Rehabilitation.
Ferrazzoli, D; Ortelli, P; Volpe, D; Cucca, A; Versace, V; Nardone, R; Saltuari, L; Sebastianelli, L
BRAIN CONNECT. 2021; 11(4): 278-296.
Originalarbeiten (Zeitschrift)

PMU-Autor/inn/en

Nardone Raffaele

Abstract

Movement disorders encompass various conditions affecting the nervous system. The pathological processes underlying movement disorders lead to aberrant synaptic plastic changes, which in turn alter the functioning of large-scale brain networks. Therefore, clinical phenomenology does not only entail motor symptoms but also cognitive and motivational disturbances. The result is the disruption of motor learning and motor behavior. Due to this complexity, the responsiveness to standard therapies could be disappointing. Specific forms of rehabilitation entailing goal-based practice, aerobic training, and the use of noninvasive brain stimulation techniques could "restore" neuroplasticity at motor-cognitive circuitries, leading to clinical gains. This is probably associated with modulations occurring at both molecular (synaptic) and circuitry levels (networks). Several gaps remain in our understanding of the relationships among plasticity and neural networks and how neurorehabilitation could promote clinical gains is still unclear.


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)

brain networks
motor-noninvasive brain stimulation techniques
movement disorders
neuroplasticity
neurorehabilitation