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Forschungsdatenbank PMU-SQQUID

Effects of Intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation on the Clock Drawing Test Performances in Patients with Alzheimers Disease.
Golaszewski, S; Kunz, A; Schwenker, K; Sebastianelli, L; Versace, V; Ferrazzoli, D; Saltuari, L; Trinka, E; Nardone, R;
Brain Topogr. 2021; 34(4):461-466
Originalarbeiten (Zeitschrift)


Golaszewski Stefan
Kunz Alexander
Nardone Raffaele
Schwenker Kerstin
Trinka Eugen


The clock drawing test (CDT) is widely used in clinical neuropsychological practice. However, its neuroanatomical correlates have not been well established. This study investigated the effects of theta burst stimulation (TBS) applied over different brain regions on CDT scores in patients with Alzheimers disease (AD). The 10-20 positions F3, F4, T3, T4, TP3, TP4, P3, P4, as determined by a 10-20 positioning cap, were targeted. Excitatory intermittent TBS (iTBS) was given over the above-mentioned eight regions to ten AD patients and ten control subjects on separate days. CDT was administered at baseline (T0), during the 5 min following the TBS (T1) and 60 min after TBS (T2), with an inter-session interval of at least 4 days. iTBS over TP4 and P4 transiently increased Rouleau CDT score in AD patients. When targeting TP4 and P4, mainly the area of the supramarginal/angular gyrus and the inferior parietal lobe, corresponding respectively to the Brodmann areas 40/39 and 7/40, are reached. iTBS thus seems able to modulate activity of the right posterior parietal cortex in AD patients performing the CDT. Our results provide physiological evidence that those parietal regions are functionally important for the execution of the Rouleau CDT. This finding suggests that CDT has reliable neuroanatomical correlates, and support the notion that this test can be used as a good marker of right parietal brain dysfunction. The present study also highlights the therapeutic potential of the induction of neuromodulatory effects using non-invasive brain stimulation techniques.

Useful keywords (using NLM MeSH Indexing)

Alzheimer Disease*/therapy



Neuropsychological Tests

Parietal Lobe

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)

Clock drawing test
s disease
Transcranial magnetic stimulation
Theta burst stimulation
Parietal lobe