Aim of this study was to investigate whether limited open auxiliary angle stable plate fixation has an effect on functional and radiologic outcomes one year after revision intramedullary nailing in aseptic trochanteric and subtrochanteric fracture nonunion.
In a retrospective analysis, surgically revised aseptic trochanteric and subtrochanteric nonunion was evaluated in a total of 190 consecutive patients ranging from 18 to 94 years between 12/2005 and 10/2018.
One year after revision intramedullary nailing, nonunion healing was assessed in 129 out of 136 patients (95%) in group 1 without auxiliary plate fixation and in 51 out of 54 patients (94%) in group 2 with auxiliary plating (p = 0.23). In group 1, range of motion (ROM) was unrestricted in 88 patients and still restricted in 48 patients. In group 2, ROM was free in 34 patients and restricted in 20 patients (p = 0.25). The mean Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS) was 56 points in group 1 and 55 points in group 2 (p = 0.55).
This study did not demonstrate significant differences in functional and radiologic outcomes following revision intramedullary nailing of aseptic trochanteric and subtrochanteric fracture nonunion. Limited open auxiliary plate fixation might be a reasonable option especially in cases of relevant varus axis deviation and comminuted or atypical fracture configurations, regardless of patients" age. Retrospectively registered with the German Clinical Trials Register (01/25/2021; ID: DRKS00024112).
Useful keywords (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary*/methods
Fractures, Ununited*/diagnostic imaging
Hip Fractures*/diagnostic imaging
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