Patients with surgically treated acetabular fractures using extensive dissection of hip muscles demonstrate an incomplete biomechanical recovery and limited joint mobility during movement. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the early biomechanical outcome in a series of patients with acetabular fractures treated using the less invasive anatomical pararectus approach.
Eight patients (48 ± 14 years, BMI 25.8 ± 3 kg/m
No group differences for lower extremity kinematics during walking and stair climbing were found. During walking, patients showed significant reductions (p < 0.05) of the vertical ground reaction force (8%) and knee and hip extension moments (29 and 27%). Ipsilateral trunk lean was significantly increased by 3.1° during stair descend while reductions of vertical ground reaction force were found for stair ascend (7%) and descend (20%). Hip extension moment was significantly reduced during stair descend by 37%. Patients revealed acceptable SF-12 physical and mental component outcomes and a good rating for the Merle d"Aubigné score (15.9 ± 1.7).
Patients showed some biomechanical restrictions that can be related to residual deficits in weight bearing capacity and strength of the hip muscles. In contrast, an immediate recovery of mobility was achieved by preserving lower extremity and pelvic movement. Therefore, the pararectus approach can serve as a viable strategy in the surgical treatment of acetabular fractures.
Trial registration number DRKS00011308, 11/14/2016, prospectively registered.
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