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Forschungsdatenbank PMU-SQQUID

Concomitant injuries in patients with thoracic vertebral body fractures-a systematic literature review.
Spiegl, UJ; Osterhoff, G; Bula, P; Hartmann, F; Scheyerer, MJ; Schnake, KJ; Ullrich, BW;
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2022; 142(7):1483-1490


Schnake Klaus John


The aim of this study was to give a systematic overview over the rate and location of concomitant injuries, the probability of suffering from neurological deficits, and to give evidence of the timing of surgery in severely injured patients with unstable thoracic vertebral body fractures.
This review is based on articles retrieved by a systematic search in the PubMed and Web of Science database for publications up to November 2020 dealing with unstable fractures of the mid-thoracic spine.
Altogether, 1109 articles were retrieved from the literature search. A total of 1095 articles were excluded. Thus, 16 remaining original articles were included in this systematic review depicting the topics timing of surgery in polytraumatized patients, outcome neurologic deficits, and impact of concomitant injuries. The overall level of evidence of the vast majority of studies is low.
The evidence of the available literature is low. The cited studies reveal that thoracic spinal fractures are associated with a high number of neurological deficits and concomitant injuries, particularly of the thoracic cage and the lung. Thereby, diagnostic algorithm should include computer tomography of the whole thoracic cage if there is any clinical sign of concomitant injuries. Patients with incomplete neurologic deficits benefit from early surgery consisting of decompression and long-segmental stabilization.

Useful keywords (using NLM MeSH Indexing)


Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery

Spinal Fractures*/complications

Thoracic Injuries*/complications

Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries

Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery

Vertebral Body

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)

Thoracic spine fractures
Additional thoracic injuries
Neurologic deficit
Timing of surgical stabilization