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Forschungsdatenbank PMU-SQQUID

Acoustophoresis Enables the Label-Free Separation of Functionally Different Subsets of Cultured Bone Marrow Stromal Cells.
Olm, F; Lim, HC; Schallmoser, K; Strunk, D; Laurell, T; Scheding, S;
Cytometry A. 2021; 99(5):476-487
Originalarbeiten (Zeitschrift)

PMU-Autor/inn/en

Schallmoser Katharina
Strunk Dirk

Abstract

Culture-expanded mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are promising candidates for clinical cell-based therapies. MSC products are heterogeneous and we therefore investigated whether acoustophoresis, an ultrasound-based separation technology, could be used for the label-free enrichment of functionally different MSC populations. Acoustophoresis uses an ultrasonic standing wave field in a microchannel that differentially affects the movement of cells depending on their acoustophysical properties, such as size, density, and compressibility. Human bone marrow (BM) MSCs were generated by standard adherent culture in xeno-free medium and separated by microchip acoustophoresis. MSCs with up to 20% higher proliferation and 1.7-fold increased clonogenic potential were enriched in the side outlet of the chip compared to the input sample. These cells were significantly smaller (average diameter 14.5 ± 0.4 μm) compared to the center outlet fraction (average diameter 17.1 ± 0.6 μm) and expressed higher levels of genes related to proliferation and stem cell properties (i.e., Ki-67 [1.9-fold], Nanog1 [6.65-fold], Oct4 [2.9-fold], and CXCL12 [1.8-fold], n = 3) in the side outlet compared to input. Fractions of MSCs in G


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)

human bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells
MSCs
MSC heterogeneity
label-free sorting
acoustophoresis
microfluidics