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Forschungsdatenbank PMU-SQQUID

The effect of coronal splits on the structural stability of bi-condylar tibial plateau fractures: a biomechanical investigation.
Samsami, S; Patzold, R; Winkler, M; Herrmann, S; Augat, P
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2020; 140(11):1719-1730
Originalarbeiten (Zeitschrift)

PMU-Autor/inn/en

Augat Peter
Herrmann Sven
Pätzold Robert
Samsami Shabnam

Abstract

Introduction Surgical treatment of bi-condylar tibial plateau fractures is still challenging due to the complexity of the fracture and the difficult surgical approach. Coronal fracture lines are associated with a high risk of fixation failure. However, previous biomechanical studies and fracture classifications have disregarded coronal fracture lines. Materials and methods This study aimed to develop a clinically relevant fracture model (Fracture C) and compare its mechanical behavior with the traditional Horwitz model (Fracture H). Twelve samples of fourth-generation tibia Sawbones were utilized to realize two fracture models with (Fracture C) or without (Fracture H) a coronal fracture line and both fixed with lateral locking plates. Loading of the tibial plateau was introduced through artificial femur condyles to cyclically load the fracture constructs until failure. Stiffness, fracture gap movements, failure loads as well as relative displacements and rotations of fracture fragments were measured. Results The presence of a coronal fracture line reduced fracture construct stiffness by 43% (p = 0.013) and decreased the failure load by 38% from 593 +/- 159 to 368 +/- 63 N (p = 0.016). Largest displacements were observed at the medial aspect between the tibial plateau and the tibial shaft in the longitudinal direction. Again, the presence of the coronal fracture line reduced the stability of the fragments and created increased joint incongruities. Conclusions Coronal articular fracture lines substantially affect the mechanical response of tibia implant structures specifically on the medial side. With this in mind, utilizing a clinically relevant fracture model for biomechanical evaluations regarding bi-condylar tibial plateau fractures is strongly recommended.


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)

Bi-condylar tibial plateau fracture
Coronal fracture line
Horwitz fracture model
Coronal fracture model
Mechanical test
Interfragmentray displacement