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Forschungsdatenbank PMU-SQQUID

Chemical coding of submucosal type V neurons in porcine ileum.
Kapp, S; Schrödl, F; Neuhuber, W; Brehmer, A;
Cells Tissues Organs. 2006; 184(1): 3-41.
Originalarbeiten (Zeitschrift)


Schrödl Falk


this study, we attempted to determine the proportion of type V neurons relative to the putative whole neuron population in the two submucosal plexuses of pigs identified by their neurofilament immunoreactivity. The total neuron number was estimated in cuprolinic blue (CB)/anti-Hu protein (HU) costained wholemounts as the sum of the number of CB+/HU+, CB+/HU-and CB -/HU+ neurons. In the external submucosal plexus (ESP), HU labelled 98.6% and CB 97.3% of neurons. In the internal submucosal plexus, HU labelled 98.3%, whereas CB only marked 92.5% of neurons. Furthermore, we investigated the chemical coding of submucosal type V neurons and searched for submucosal, non-type V neurons displaying the same chemical coding as the myenteric type V neurons described earlier, i.e. the colocalization of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and somatostatin (SOM). In order to facilitate immunohistochemical detection of neuroactive peptides, ileal segments were pretreated with colchicine prior to fixation. Type V neurons in the ESP occurred either as single cells displaying one or few prominent dendrite(s) or within aggregates displaying a dendritic tangle. In this plexus, type V neurons amounted to between 0.9 and 1.6% of all CB-stained neurons. ESP type V neurons displayed immunoreactivities for choline acetyl transferase (95.8%) and leucine-enkephalin (73.9%). All type V neurons were negative for neuronal nitric oxide synthase. Fifty-eight percent of ESP CGRP/SOM co-immunoreactive neurons displayed type V morphology, whereas 42% were non-type V neurons. Thus, the chemical coding of ESP type V neurons is in principal similar to that of the myenteric type V neurons described earlier. In the internal submucosal plexus, we found no type V neurons. In this plexus, 0.2% of all neurons counterstained with HU displayed CGRP/SOM coreactivity. As had been observed earlier concerning the myenteric type V neurons, ESP type V neurons were also closely apposed by conspicuous accumulations of boutons reactive for the same markers as the neurons themselves. Although we cannot exclude that axons of CGRP/SOM-reactive enteric, non-type V or extrinsic neurons end synaptically on type V neurons, we [GRAPHICS] suggest that the main synaptic input to type V neurons originates from other type V neurons. This presents an argument for an interneuronal role of type V neurons. Copyright (c) 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Useful keywords (using NLM MeSH Indexing)


Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide/analysis

Choline O-Acetyltransferase/analysis

ELAV Proteins/analysis



Ganglia, Autonomic/chemistry

Ganglia, Autonomic/cytology







Neurofilament Proteins/analysis



Nitric Oxide Synthase Type I/analysis

Organometallic Compounds/chemistry


Submucous Plexus/chemistry

Submucous Plexus/cytology*


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)

chemical coding
neuron type
submucosal plexus