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Forschungsdatenbank PMU-SQQUID

Long non-coding RNA normalisers in human brain tissue.
Kraus, TF; Greiner, A; Guibourt, V; Kretzschmar, HA;
J Neural Transm (Vienna). 2015; 122(7):10-54
Originalarbeiten (Zeitschrift)


Kraus Theo


The family of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is of increasing scientific interest as there is emerging evidence, that lncRNAs are of essential importance for transcriptional and translational control, genomic imprinting and regulation of normal development as well as neuronal plasticity. As the generation of reliable expression profiles requires adequate normalisers, it is of fundamental importance to determine suitable references for lncRNA studies. However, to date no systematic analysis of potential lncRNA normalisers has been performed on human postmortem brain tissue samples. In this study, we investigated three different brain regions (cortex, white matter, and cerebellum) of human postmortem tissue and analysed the expression stability of 90 lncRNAs. Bioinformatical analysis was performed to identify stably expressed lncRNAs. Subsequently, lncRNAs were classified according to their stability values using the NormFinder algorithm. We identified 30 suitable normalisers in cortex, 22 in white matter, and 41 in cerebellum. In addition, there were 13 suitable normalisers for studies comparing cortex and white matter, 25 for studies comparing cortex and cerebellum and 7 for studies comparing white matter and cerebellum. 5 lncRNAs (LUST, IGF2AS (family), 7SK, HOXA6as, NDM29) showed stable expression in all investigated brain regions. A subsequent analysis of the influence of postmortem intervals (PMI) on expression of lncRNAs revealed that expression levels of the newly identified 5 universal lncRNA normalisers are stable within PMI of up to 27 h. Thus, these 5 lncRNAs may be applicable as references for accurate normalisation of lncRNA profiling in multiple brain regions during long PMI, enabling the generation of highly reproducible datasets in lncRNA studies of the human brain.

Useful keywords (using NLM MeSH Indexing)





Computational Biology


Gene Expression



Middle Aged

RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics

RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism*

RNA, Messenger/metabolism

Reference Values

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)

Long non-coding RNA
Postmortem stability
Human brain tissue