Chronic and acute tendinopathies are difficult to treat and tendon healing is generally a very slow and incomplete process and our general understanding of tendon biology and regeneration lags behind that of muscle or bone. Although still largely unexplored, several studies suggest a positive effect of nutritional interventions on tendon health and repair. With this study, we aim to reveal effects of a high-glucose diet on tendon neoformation in a non-diabetic rat model of Achilles tenotomy. After surgery animals received either a high-glucose diet or a control diet for 2 and 4 weeks, respectively. Compared to the control group, tendon repair tissue thickness and stiffness were increased in the high-glucose group after 2 weeks and gait pattern was altered after 1 and 2 weeks. Cell proliferation was up to 3-fold higher and the expression of the chondrogenic marker genes Sox9, Col2a1, Acan and Comp was significantly increased 2 and 4 weeks post-surgery. Further, a moderate increase in cartilage-like areas within the repair tissue was evident after 4 weeks of a high-glucose diet regimen. In summary, we propose that a high-glucose diet significantly affects tendon healing after injury in non-diabetic rats, potentially driving chondrogenic degeneration.