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Forschungsdatenbank PMU-SQQUID

Cell volume regulatory ion transport in the regulation of cell migration.
Jakab, M; Ritter, M;
Contrib Nephrol. 2006; 152:161-180
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PMU-Autor/inn/en

Jakab Martin
Ritter Markus

Abstract

Cell migration is typically accomplished by the generation of protrusive mechanical forces and is achieved by repeated spatially and temporally coordinated cycles including the formation of a leading edge, the formation of new and disruption of older adhesions to the substratum, actomyosin based contractions and retraction of the trailing edge. Beside the well-described roles of the cytoskeleton and cell adhesions during these processes, a growing body of evidence indicates that the precise regulation of the cell volume is an indispensable prerequisite for coordinated cell migration. On the one hand during cell migration cell volume is continuously tormented by mechanical and morphological alterations, which pose changes to the intracellular hydrostatic pressure, metabolic changes and the formation or degradation of macromolecules like actin, which distort the osmotic equilibrium and the action of chemoattractants, hormones and transmitters, which frequently alter the electrical properties of a cell and thus cause cell swelling or shrinkage, respectively. On the other hand, a migrating cell actively has to govern cell volume regulatory ion transport mechanisms in order to create the appropriate micro- or even nanoenvironment in the intra- and/or extracellular space, which is necessary to guarantee the correct polarity and hence direction of movement of a migrating cell. This chapter will focus on the role of the cell volume regulatory ion transport mechanisms as they participate in the regulation of cell migration and special emphasis is given to their interplay with the cytoskeleton, their meaning for substrate adhesion and to the polarized fashion of their subcellular distribution.


Useful keywords (using NLM MeSH Indexing)

Animals

Cell Adhesion

Cell Membrane Permeability

Cell Movement/physiology*

Cell Size*

Cell Survival

Cytoskeleton/metabolism

Humans

Ion Transport/physiology*

Membrane Proteins/metabolism

Mice

Signal Transduction/physiology

Sodium-Hydrogen Antiporter/metabolism

Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase/metabolism

Water-Electrolyte Balance/physiology*