Human Granulocytic Anaplasmosis (HGA) is an emerging disease caused by the gram-negative bacterium Anaplasma phagocytophilum which is transmitted by ticks of the genus Ixodes ricinus. For molecular detection of the pathogen by PCR, a conserved portion of the groEL gene within the groESL operon is frequently used as a target. A single G/A polymorphism in this region allows to discriminate between two genotypes, groEL-G and groEL-A.
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Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods
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