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Forschungsdatenbank PMU-SQQUID

Case finding for sarcopenia in geriatric inpatients: performance of bioimpedance analysis in comparison to dual X-ray absorptiometry.
Reiss, J; Iglseder, B; Kreutzer, M; Weilbuchner, I; Treschnitzer, W; Kässmann, H; Pirich, C; Reiter, R;
BMC Geriatr. 2016; 16:52
Originalarbeiten (Zeitschrift)


Iglseder Bernhard
Kässmann Helmut
Pirich Christian
Reiss Jens
Reiter Raphael
Treschnitzer Wolfgang


Sarcopenia is a common geriatric syndrome associated with serious adverse health outcomes. The European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) suggests different methods for case finding for sarcopenia. However, data comparing the different methodological options are scarce for geriatric inpatients.
On the basis of the recommendations of the EWGSOP sixty geriatric inpatients underwent measurement of gait speed, hand grip strength and muscle mass by both, dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and bioimpedance analysis (BIA). By linear regression analysis and Bland-Altman plots muscle mass measurements of DXA and BIA were compared. Outcomes of the DXA- and BIA-based approaches for classifying participants as having normal or reduced muscle mass and sarcopenia according to the EWGSOP case finding algorithm were compared by raw agreement and kappa statistics. Finally, on the hypothetical assumption that the DXA-based approach can be set as reference, the performance of the BIA-based approach is illustrated.
Muscle mass measured by BIA was highly correlated to DXA (r > 0.9), but BIA systematically overestimated muscle mass. The mean difference between DXA and BIA was -1.30 kg (p < 0.001) for appendicular and -2.33 kg (p < 0.001) for total muscle mass. The raw agreement between the DXA- and BIA-based approaches for classifying participants as having normal or reduced muscle mass was at best 80 % depending on the BIA cut-offs used. Functional prescreening according to the sarcopenia case finding algorithm of the EWGSOP reduced the need for muscle mass measurement by 37 %, but only marginally changed the agreement between the DXA- and BIA-based approaches.
Clinicians should be aware that in geriatric inpatients the BIA-based approaches resulted in highly different subgroups of sarcopenic/non-sarcopenic subjects compared to the DXA-based approach following the EWGSOP case finding algorithm. In this pilot-study the BIA-based approach misclassified nearly 1 out of 6 patients if the DXA-based approach is taken as reference.

Useful keywords (using NLM MeSH Indexing)

Absorptiometry, Photon/methods*

Aged, 80 and over


Electric Impedance



Hand Strength/physiology*




Muscle, Skeletal/diagnostic imaging*

Muscle, Skeletal/physiopathology

Pilot Projects




Find related publications in this database (Keywords)

Bioimpedance analysis
Dual X-ray absorptiometry