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Scapular dyskinesis after Latarjet procedure.
Carbone, S; Moroder, P; Runer, A; Resch, H; Gumina, S; Hertel, R;
J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2016; 25(3):422-427
Originalarbeiten (Zeitschrift)


Moroder Philipp
Resch Herbert


Increase of subchondral bone area (tAB) in OA has been reported, but it remains unclear if this is specific to OA. We investigated differences in knee tAB after one year in healthy subjects and in those with radiographic OA (rOA). MR images of 899 right knees from the OA Initiative were acquired at baseline and one year follow-up (year-1). Medial and lateral tibial cartilage (MT and LT) and weight-bearing femoral cartilage (cMF and cLF) were segmented and tAB computed. Subjects were stratified into: healthy controls, pre-rOA (K&L grades 0 and 1, with OA risk factors), established rOA (K&L grades 2-4), and independently with regards to joint space narrowing (without, with medial, lateral and bilateral JSN). Primary analysis tested if tAB was different between baseline and year-1 in rOA. Exploratory analyses investigated whether: (1) tAB changes differed between healthy controls and those with rOA; (2) tAB differences were greater in higher K&L grades; and (3) tAB was different between baseline and year-1 in JSN. Significance was set at P < 0.0125. Differences in tAB were found in rOA in MT, cMF and cLF (ranging from +0.2% to +0.4%; P < 0.001), but not in healthy controls or pre-rOA. Rates of change did not differ between groups. Within the JSN groups differences of 0.2-0.4% were found in the femur (P < 0.05). We find that knee tABs differ in rOA between baseline and year-1, but the change was not greater than in healthy knees, and is restricted to the femur in JSN. Copyright © 2015 Osteoarthritis Research Society International. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. BACKGROUND
Because of detachment of the pectoralis minor and variation of the vector of the conjoint tendons, we hypothesized that the Latarjet procedure may alter scapular position and motion. The purpose of this study was to evaluate scapular position and motion in patients who underwent a Latarjet or a modified iliac crest bone graft transfer (ICBGT) procedure (J-bone graft).
Forty-six consecutive patients treated for recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation between 2010 and 2012 were retrospectively enrolled. Twenty-three were treated with a Latarjet and 23 with an ICBGT procedure. Twenty Latarjet and 20 ICBGT patients were available at a mean follow-up of 20 months (min, 12; max, 60). We recorded the Western Ontario Instability Index, the Rowe Score, and the Subjective Shoulder Value. Scapulothoracic position was studied according to the dyskinesis yes/no method. Intraobserver and interobserver reliability of the dyskinesis assessment was assessed.
Intraobserver and interobserver reliability of scapula dyskinesis assessment was high (Latarjet: intratester, κ = 0.84; intertester, κ = 0.75; ICBGT: intratester, κ = 0.78; intertester, κ = 0.71). Scapular dyskinesis was observed after 5 of 20 Latarjet and after 0 of 20 ICBGT procedures (P = .047). Patients with dyskinesis had lower scores (Western Ontario Instability Index, P = .043; Rowe, P = .047; Subjective Shoulder Value, P = .046), but no statistically significant difference was found between the Latarjet and ICBGT groups. Two of the 5 scapular dyskinesis patients reached the SICK (Scapular malposition, Inferior medial scapular winging, Coracoid tenderness, and scapular dysKinesis) scapula syndrome definition.
Scapular dyskinesis was found in 5 of 20 patients who underwent a Latarjet procedure. Dyskinesis may be related to the detachment of the pectoralis minor, and variation of the vector and the working length of the coracobrachialis and the short head of the biceps.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)

Scapular dyskinesis
Latarjet procedure
J-bone graft
Eden procedures
modified iliac crest bone graft transfer procedure
scapular position