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Forschungsdatenbank PMU-SQQUID

A signal-inducing bone cement for magnetic resonance imaging-guided spinal surgery based on hydroxyapatite and polymethylmethacrylate.
Wichlas, F; Seebauer, CJ; Schilling, R; Rump, J; Chopra, SS; Walter, T; Teichgräber, UK; Bail, HJ;
Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2012; 35(3): 661-667.
Originalarbeiten (Zeitschrift)


Bail Hermann Josef
Wichlas Florian


The aim of this study was to develop a signal-inducing bone cement for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided cementoplasty of the spine. This MRI cement would allow precise and controlled injection of cement into pathologic lesions of the bone. We mixed conventional polymethylmethacrylate bone cement (PMMA; 5 ml methylmethacrylate and 12 g polymethylmethacrylate) with hydroxyapatite (HA) bone substitute (2-4 ml) and a gadolinium-based contrast agent (CA; 0-60 μl). The contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of different CA doses was measured in an open 1.0-Tesla scanner for fast T1W Turbo-Spin-Echo (TSE) and T1W TSE pulse sequences to determine the highest signal. We simulated MRI-guided cementoplasty in cadaveric spines. Compressive strength of the cements was tested. The highest CNR was (1) 87.3 (SD 2.9) in fast T1W TSE for cements with 4 μl CA/ml HA (4 ml) and (2) 60.8 (SD 2.4) in T1W TSE for cements with 1 μl CA/ml HA (4 ml). MRI-guided cementoplasty in cadaveric spine was feasible. Compressive strength decreased with increasing amounts of HA from 46.7 MPa (2 ml HA) to 28.0 MPa (4 ml HA). An MRI-compatible cement based on PMMA, HA, and CA is feasible and clearly visible on MRI images. MRI-guided spinal cementoplasty using this cement would permit direct visualization of the cement, the pathologic process, and the anatomical surroundings.

Useful keywords (using NLM MeSH Indexing)

Bone Cements/pharmacology*


Contrast Media/pharmacology



Image Enhancement/methods*

Injections, Spinal

Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Interventional*


Organometallic Compounds/pharmacology

Polymethyl Methacrylate/pharmacology*


Stress, Mechanical

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)

PMMA bone cement
Contrast agent