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Forschungsdatenbank PMU-SQQUID

Generation of hypoallergenic DNA vaccines by forced ubiquitination: preventive and therapeutic effects in a mouse model of allergy.
Bauer, R; Scheiblhofer, S; Kern, K; Gruber, C; Stepanoska, T; Thalhamer, T; Hauser-Kronberger, C; Alinger, B; Zoegg, T; Gabler, M; Ferreira, F; Hartl, A; Thalhamer, J; Weiss, R;
J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006; 118(1):269-276
Originalarbeiten (Zeitschrift)


Alinger-Scharinger Beate
Guttmann-Gruber Christina
Hartl Arnulf Josef
Kronberger Cornelia


Hypoallergenic immunotherapy of type I allergies aims at inducing T-cell immunity while avoiding cross-linking of pre-existing IgE. DNA-based immunotherapy depends on the recruitment of antigen-specific T(H)1 cells and therefore has to provide the whole repertoire of T-cell epitopes. Ubiquitination offers a general approach for the production of hypoallergenic DNA vaccines.
A DNA-based vaccine encoding the major birch pollen allergen Bet v 1 stably linked to ubiquitin was evaluated for its antiallergic potential in a BALB/c mouse model of allergy.
Plasmid DNA was applied to mice before (preventive) or after (therapeutic) sensitization with recombinant Bet v 1. In the preventive setting, mice were exposed to aerosolized allergen in addition. Cytokine production was monitored via ELISPOT and Luminex. IgG(1), IgG(2a), and IgE subclass antibody titers were determined by ELISA. In vitro antigen-specific cross-linking of IgE was measured in a degranulation assay. Bronchoalveolar lavages were analyzed for leukocyte subsets as well as for IFN-gamma and IL-5, and paraffin sections of lungs were examined for mucus production and endothelial damage.
Prevaccination with ubiquitinated Bet v 1-stimulated T(H)1-biased immune responses with concomitant suppression of functional IgE, reduction of eosinophil counts in bronchoalveolar lavages, and alleviation of lung pathology, and could also suppress an ongoing IgE response in a therapeutic setting.
The data clearly demonstrate that hypoallergenic DNA vaccines encoding ubiquitin fusion constructs induce effective antiallergic immune responses.
Ubiquitination of allergen gene vaccines eliminates the risk of IgE cross-linking, thereby meeting the safety requirements for clinical applications.

Useful keywords (using NLM MeSH Indexing)




Antigens, Plant

Disease Models, Animal



Immunoglobulin E/blood


Mice, Inbred BALB C

Th1 Cells/immunology*


Vaccines, DNA/immunology*

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)

type I allergy
DNA vaccine
genetic immunization
gene therapy
bronchoalveolar lavage
lung pathology