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Forschungsdatenbank PMU-SQQUID

A population-based prospective 24-month study of stroke: incidence and 30-day case-fatality rates of first-ever strokes in Croatia.
Pikija, S; Cvetko, D; Malojcic, B; Trkanjec, Z; Pavlicek, I; Lukic, A; Kopjar, A; Hajduk, M; Androvic, A; Bilic-Genter, M; Trkulja, V
NEUROEPIDEMIOLOGY. 2012; 38(3): 164-171.
Originalarbeiten (Zeitschrift)

PMU-Autor/inn/en

Pikija Slaven

Abstract

BACKGROUND
In Central/Eastern European countries, cerebrovascular diseases are among the leading causes of mortality. We aimed to determine the incidence of first-ever stroke (FES) in the north-western part of Croatia.
A population-based prospective incidence study was conducted between July 1, 2007, and June 30, 2009. Cases were sought from multiple overlapping sources. Incidence rates by stroke type and gender were calculated.
A total of 1,487 events were recorded, 1,017 of which were FESs. European age-adjusted incidence rates (per 100,000 population) were: total FESs 223.6 [women/men rate ratio (w/m RR) = 0.65 (95% CI 0.57-0.73)]; ischemic stroke 162.4 (w/m RR = 0.65, 0.56-0.76); intracerebral hemorrhage 28.4 (w/m RR = 0.44, 0.30-0.63); subarachnoid hemorrhage 7.2 (w/m RR = 1.18, 0.55-2.54); unknown etiology 25.5 (w/m RR = 0.78, 0.54-1.14). Adjusted incidence rates of ischemic strokes by subtype were: cardioembolic 52.9 (w/m RR = 0.77, 0.59-0.99); large-artery atherosclerosis 14.4 (w/m RR = 0.22, 0.13-0.38); small-artery occlusion 24.5 (w/m RR = 0.53, 0.37-0.77) and "other or uncertain causes" 70.6 (w/m RR = 0.77, 0.62-0.97). Thirty-day case-fatality rate was 23.5% overall and 17.1% for ischemic stroke.
The incidence of FES and 30-day mortality of patients with ischemic strokes in the studied population is higher than in Western European countries.


Useful keywords (using NLM MeSH Indexing)

Age Distribution

Aged

Aged, 80 and over

Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology

Cerebral Hemorrhage/epidemiology

Cerebrovascular Disorders/epidemiology

Comorbidity

Croatia/epidemiology

Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology

Female

Humans

Incidence

Male

Middle Aged

Odds Ratio

Prospective Studies

Recurrence

Risk Factors

Sex Distribution

Smoking/epidemiology

Stroke/classification*

Stroke/epidemiology*

Stroke/mortality

Survival Rate


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)

Stroke
Incidence
Population study
Neuroepidemiology
Croatia
Eastern Europe