Recently, a new degradable polymer has been developed on the basis of alkylene bis(dilactoyl)-methaerylate as an alternative material for screw augmentation. The polymer has been investigated in vitro and in a short-term experiment in rabbits exhibiting promising results. The aim of the present study was to investigate its long-term biocompatibillity and mechanical functionality in a large animal model. The polymer was used for screw augmentation in the cancellous bone of the femoral condyle and tibia epiphysis of 12 sheep and was compared to polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) augmented and nonaugmented screws. After an implantation period of 6 months, bone, regional lymph nodes, and several organs were histologically evaluated. The mechanical efficacy was investigated by a biomechanical pullout test. A lot of mommuclear macrophages and multinuclear foreign body giant cells with incorporated polymer particles indicate strong inflammatory reactions. Large osteolysis zones with osteoclasts were found in the surrounding polymer. The polymer was fragmented but not substantially degraded. Polymer particles were also found in the regional lymph nodes. Lung, liver, kidney, and spleen did not show any pathological signs. The pullout force of screws augmented with the new polymer was significantly reduced in comparison to PMMA augmented and nonaugmented screws, respectively. It was concluded that the material has poor biocompatibility and cannot be recommended for clinical application as screw augmentation material. (c) 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Useful keywords (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Find related publications in this database (Keywords)bone cement