95%) from the peripheral blood of healthy adults. In vitro stimulation of these cells with granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha led to their vigorous proliferation and differentiation resulting in the emergence of CD45+/CD68+/CD3-/CD19-/CD56- leukocytes some of which (mean: 12%) express CD1a and exhibit anti-CD4 and anti-major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II reactivity. These CD1a- leukocytes include (1) LC as evidenced by the presence of Birbeck granules (BG), (2) CD14+ monocytes, and (3) Birbeck granule-negative cells with a dendritic morphology. Addition of interleukin (IL)-4 to the cytokine cocktail interfered with the development of monocytes and led to a reduction in the overall yield but, on the other hand, resulted in an increased percentage of CD1a+ cells (mean: 24%) among all cells generated. In vitro generated CD1a+, but not CD1a- HPC-derived cells are potent stimulators of the primary mixed leukocyte reaction and, as such, promising candidates for vaccination purposes.
Useful keywords (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor/pharmacology
Hematopoietic Stem Cells/cytology*
Hematopoietic Stem Cells/immunology
Lymphocyte Culture Test, Mixed
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/pharmacology