Splenopentin (SP-5: Arg-Lys-Glu-Val-Tyr), a pentapeptide corresponding to the residues 32-36 of the splenic hormone splenin, increases dose-dependently the number of bone marrow colonies (M and GM colonies). Therefore, we tested the stimulatory effect of SP-5 on the recruitment of epidermal Langerhans cells in skin deprived of these cells. A high dose of cyclophosphamide or dexamethasone led to a drastic decrease of LC density in murine skin with slow and incomplete restoration. SP-5 accelerated Langerhans cell recruitment and led to pretreatment levels of Langerhans cell density in the skin. These results indicate that SP-5 may possibly be used to treat disorders (e.g., HIV infection) where impaired Langerhans cell density and function can lead to secondary cutaneous infections.
Useful keywords (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Cell Count/drug effects
Langerhans Cells/drug effects*
Mice, Inbred BALB C